Mosquito-borne diseases

Mosquitoes are found all over the world. They are known to spread quite a number of diseases around the world. The most affected areas are found in Africa, Asia, America and Europe. Some of the diseases have vaccines while others will involve taking medicine before visiting such areas so as to be on the safer side. The following are mosquito-borne diseases that one should know.


Chikungunya is a mosquito-borne disease. It is spread when one is bitten by an infected female Aedes mosquito. These mosquitoes are found in Asia, America, Africa and Europe. These mosquitoes are known to bite even during the day but their peak biting hours are dawn and dusk.


The symptoms may manifest after four to eight days after the bite of the mosquito.
Major symptoms include fever, headache, muscle pain, nausea, rash and fatigue among others. The symptoms may range from mild to severe. Other complications that arise in rare cases are the heart, neurological, and gastrointestinal. In older people, the disease may be fatal in some instances.


There is no specific treatment of Chikungunya. Treatment is meant to help in relieving the symptoms for the joints using anti-pyretic, analgesics and fluids. There is also no vaccine for this disease.

Zika virus

There have been reports of breakouts of this virus in Africa, Asia, and America. It is spread by the female Aedes virus. The mosquito transmits the virus into humans. However, human to human transmission is through sex. It is also transmitted by coming into contact with infected blood, semen, and other body fluids. There have also been cases of mother to child transmission during pregnancy.


The general symptoms include muscle and joint pain, fever, rash and inflammation of conjunctivitis among others. The symptoms may last up to seven days. If a pregnant mother is infected, they may give birth to babies with small brains and other brain malformations. Zika virus is also known to cause Guillain-Barre syndrome which causes paralysis and even death.

Yellow fever

This fever is common in Africa, Latin America and in forest areas. Its transmission is by a female Aedes mosquito. These mosquitoes carry the disease from monkeys to human beings.


The symptoms manifest from three days after one has been bitten. They include shivers, appetite loss, nausea, vomiting, fever and muscle pains among others. Other symptoms of a toxic phase of this fever are jaundice, high fever, and vomiting. Patients in this phase may die within fourteen days if proper treatment is not sought. It is always confused with the other mosquito-borne diseases like Zika Virus and Dengue.


Malaria is the most common disease in the tropics. It is a killer disease of treatment is not sought immediately. It is spread by the female Anopheles mosquito. The mainly affected people are pregnant women and children below the age of five. Symptoms are more similar to the above-mentioned diseases.


Prevention of mosquito-borne diseases

For prevention purposes, one should use repellents on exposed skin. Use of mosquito nets is also encouraged. One is also encouraged to destroy all mosquito breeding grounds around the home as a major move to prevent them from breeding.…

How to fight the adverse effects of aging

No one feels happy seeing the first signs of aging on their skin. In the perfect world, every woman would want to look beautiful and attractive at all times, with soft, smooth, and radiant skin that defies her age, and makes the guessing game, that much more interesting. However, pollution, over exposure to the sun, stress, and chaotic lifestyles can lead to skin losing its texture, tone, and radiance. Some dermatologists are suggesting the use of an anti-aging cream or a bb cream at an early stage when you get to your mid-twenties.

Use anti-aging creams

hdghgd74Search the online marketplace, and you would find some effective anti-aging creams and formulations that people can use to look young and radiant. The best anti-aging creams are developed using ingredients such as Matrixyl 3000 and Hyaluronic Acid that can hydrate skin, promote collagen production, and reduce the depth of wrinkles quite effectively. These anti-aging products have received a lot of positive word-of-mouth publicity, with satisfied users recommending them to friends and family members.

In addition to using the best anti-aging products, there are certain steps you can take while you are still young, to delay the appearance of wrinkles and age spots in later years.

Protect your skin from the sun

Your priority needs to be protecting your skin from the sun. Use a sunblock with an SPF of 15 or higher to avoid damaging your skin. Apply the sunscreen on your face, neck, arms, and other areas that remain exposed. Take special care of the skin on your ears and the back of your neck. You can also wear long sleeved dresses while going out in the sun to protect your arms from the adverse effects of ultraviolet radiation. You can apply an anti-aging bb cream that comes with a broad spectrum SPF 40 to shield your skin from the UVA/UVB rays.

Take adequate water

Drink plenty of water throughout the day to keep your skin hydrated and wrinkle-free. With less water intake, the skin tends to dry up, and the creases and wrinkles appear faster than normal. Water also flushes out the toxins from your body and makes your skin glow from within.

Balanced diet

Take a balanced diet to prevent the signs of aging appearing sooner than they usually do. A diet rich in antioxidants is great for your skin as well as your overall well-being.

Use of Hyaluronic Acid cream

You can reduce the impact of the wrinkles, age spots, and blemishes by using a Hyaluronic Acid cream that fights these and other signs of aging. Hyaluronic acid retains water more effectively than any other natural substance and can make your skin smoother and suppler.

Quit smoking

Quit smoking if you want to age gracefully. Smoking is one habit that harms your skin in many ways. The simple act of puckering up to the lips while smoking can lead to permanent wrinkles getting etched around the mouth. The habit also reduces the flow of oxygenated blood to the skin, robbing it of vital nutrients, and causing it to look dull and haggard. When a person smokes, toxins are released into the blood stream that causes the skin to look less vibrant.


Moisturize your skin

Moisturize your skin every day to prevent the onset of age spots and blemishes. Make it a part of your daily skin care routine and follow the same with the enthusiasm it deserves. You can also use an anti-aging bb cream to hydrate, conceal, protect, and reduce the appearance of the fine lines, wrinkles, discoloration, and other signs of aging.
With the above tips, you can keep on growing younger as your age goes up. You only need to apply the strategies wisely. Don’t allow age to tarnish your appearance. Live young!…